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Artificial Grass & All About It - InstallArtificial

Is artificial grass right for you? Find the answers to the most important questions before you buy or install artificial grass. Learn key terms, the different types, shapes, infills, and installation steps of synthetic turf. Watch videos with professional opinions on fake grass.

artificial Grass SUmmary

 


What are the Cons of Artificial Grass?

Upfront Investment

Artificial grass installation will typically require a hefty upfront investment. However, it's important to remember that you'll save on mowing, upkeep, and water usage over time. Adding this with a boost in property value and often these installations pay themselves off within a few years. 

Hot Surface

Because artificial grass is made of synthetic fibers, it can become hot to the touch when directly under the sun on high-temperature days. While this isn't hot enough to burn the skin, it can become uncomfortable to use or play on in these conditions. For the best cooling results, opt for premium infills and choose an artificial grass that's less dense. 

Burning from Reflections

The Achilles heel of artificial grass is magnification. This occurs when the sun bounces off a window or stainless steel appliance and ends up reflecting onto the surface of artificial grass. This won't catch fire but can cause the turf in that area to begin to melt in extreme temperatures. If you often see white sun reflection lines in the area, you may be at risk of magnification occurring and we'd recommend consulting with a professional before moving forward with installation.

Odor Will Occur if Pet Turf is Not Cleaned Consistently

Dogs love artificial grass! It offers a clean and pest-free surface for them to play on. You will no longer worry about them tracking dirt into the house or digging holes in your lawn. However, when dogs use artificial grass to go to the bathroom you must consistently rinse and sanitize the surface, or bacteria will get trapped beneath the surface and cause odor to occur. When this is ignored for too long it will become irreversible and the only fix is a new installation. For the best results, opt for pet-friendly packages and infills to assist with longevity. 


What are the Benefits of Artificial Grass? Is it worth converting to an artificial lawn?

Reclamation of Backyards

Most homeowners install artificial grass because they have dirt patches in their backyards. When winter comes, this dust becomes mud making their space unusable. Having an artificial turf surface allows you to convert empty backyards into livable spaces. This is the number one reason we hear from homeowners requesting a quote.

Water Conservation

As water becomes an increasingly scarce resource, it is more important than ever to find ways to conserve it. One simple way to do this is by installing artificial grass in your yard. Artificial grass requires no watering to stay green and lush year-round. In drought-prone California, cutting back on water use is crucial to prevent future shortages. By making small changes like this in our daily lives, we can help preserve this vital resource.

Saves Money on Lawn Maintenance

Maintaining a natural grass lawn can be expensive and time-consuming. You have to water it regularly, mow, edge, and more just to hope it looks decent. Even if you don't hire a gardener, this often runs up your energy and water bills. By installing artificial turf, these costs are heavily reduced. Artificial turf requires much less watering than natural grass, and it doesn't need to be mowed. This is the number one reason for covering front lawns with artificial grass

Provides Natural Looks

With new and improved technologies, synthetic grass has never looked more realistic! Choose from a selection of high-quality American-made grasses that will keep your lawn looking natural. With multi-colored fibers and non-directional blades, you no longer have to worry about a bright green cheap-looking lawn. Raise your property value by having a lush artificial lawn all year! 

Most high-quality grasses will also feature technologies to resist fading or color change from sun exposure, as well as a luster guard to prevent any shine or reflection from occurring. To be sure, take your samples and compare them to natural lawns in your neighborhood to find the most realistic option! 

Easy Customization

Artificial Turf Backyard Design Between Stepping Stones

Because artificial grass doesn't require sunlight or water to thrive, you can essentially install it anywhere! In shady areas, on rooftops and balconies, in between concrete slabs, and more! Synthetic turf can be used in conjunction with other hardscapes to create the perfect backyard design during landscape renovation. It can be cut to fit any curve or contour and because there are so many different options, you're sure to find the perfect fit for your intended use. 

Keeps Your Lawn & Home Cleaner 

It's no secret that one of the most sought benefits of synthetic turf is how clean it stays. Whether you have children or pets, no longer will you have to worry about them tracking mud or dirt into the house after playing outside. Also, because the ground is prepped prior to installation, most bugs and pests will have to search for a food source elsewhere. Suffer from seasonal allergies? Removing natural grass from your lawn removes allergens as well.


How much does artificial turf installation cost?

In Southern California, artificial turf installation costs will typically start at around $9-$12/sq. ft. depending on the scope of your project. Factors affecting pricing include accessibility, project size, location, edging and irrigation needs, quality of material, and more.

The type of installation will also result in variances in pricing. For example, installing turf over concrete requires less labor than installation over soil so often these installations are more affordable.

artificial grass cost calculator


What are the Different Types of Synthetic Grass?

1. Materials

Artificial grass is usually made of 3 different fibers. Sometimes, synthetic grass will be made of a mixture of these yarn types for added durability. It's important to understand the differences that these fibers offer to make the best choice for your intended use. Keep reading below to learn more! 

Polyethylene 

Most often, artificial grass is made of polyethylene. With its soft feel and various textures, polyethylene turf is able to mimic natural grass more so than the other material options. Also, because polyethylene itself is non-porous, it doesn't retain odor making it the ideal choice for pet-friendly lawns. 

Polypropylene

Polypropylene is also often used to make artificial grass. This is the most affordable material option, but also the least wear-and-tear resistant. With a very fine texture, polypropylene will not hold up to consistent use or play over time. Turf products made of this yarn are ideal in areas where there's little to no foot traffic; such as decorative lawns, walls, or indoors. 

Nylon

This is the strongest artificial grass fiber available on the market. Synthetic turf made of nylon is known for standing up to heavy foot traffic and high temps without losing its shape or matting. Ideal in commercial settings, nylon offers a durable blade but it comes at a higher price. 

Because of its high costs and stiff feel, often homeowners opt out of nylon grasses for backyards or landscape applications. Nylon artificial grass is most common in areas where magnification may occur, high traffic commercial spaces, or for artificial putting greens.

2. Intended Use 

Landscape Artificial Turf

Backyard Landscape Artificial Grass Installation

Landscape artificial grass is used in residential and commercial lawns, and its overall intended use is to just provide a cleaner and green space with fewer maintenance requirements. Most artificial grass on the market fits into this category, giving homeowners a lot of options to choose from.

Because turf can be cut to fit any landscape, you're free to design the backyard of your dreams! Whether you want tall and plush synthetic grass that's barefoot friendly or shorter grass with a durable blade to withstand the elements over time, you're sure to find the perfect fit for your needs. 

Pet Artificial Turf

Most permeable artificial grasses can be paired with a pet turf system. However, tall and plush artificial grass is not recommended in pet-specific areas because they are harder to clean and upkeep. Ideally, the best turf material for dogs is something durable that's shorter and less dense for advanced drainage and easy cleaning. 

Most suppliers will have a couple of pet turf options in their catalog, the only downfall is these grasses tend to look less natural than landscape artificial grass. Turf that's specific to pets is most necessary for areas where multiple dogs will be consistently present, such as dog parks or doggie daycares. Typically homeowners will pick a landscape turf that's both natural looking and durable to pair with a pet turf system for their backyards. 

Regardless of the grass you choose, without pet-friendly add-ons and consistent sanitizing, an artificial lawn will begin to smell over time from pet use. Reference the add-ons section to learn more about pet systems, and the maintenance section to learn more about pet turf cleaning best practices! 

pet turf cost calculator

Rooftop/Balcony/Patio Artificial Turf

Because synthetic grass can be used pretty much anywhere, its becoming more common in unconventional spaces such as rooftops and balconies. Turn your drab concrete into a cozy hangout space! For these types of installations, you'll want to find something soft and plush to provide a barefoot-friendly feel. Because rooftops and balconies tend to see less foot traffic, you can opt for taller and denser grasses without the worry of premature matting.

For balcony and rooftop turf, manufacturers recommend also opting for a drainage layer to help accelerate drainage and ensure water does not get trapped beneath the surface because this can cause mold to occur. This is especially necessary for areas with a lot of rainfall or moisture in the air. 

Sports Artificial Turf

installers at work sports turf

Sports turf has long been common on athletic fields, but has also become a great flooring alternative in gyms and health facilities as well! The cushion that artificial sports turf provides can offer additional shock absorption which can help protect your joints during high-impact workouts. Whether you're doing Crossfit, sled exercises, weightlifting, or playing on a sports field, synthetic sports turf can offer a cushioned and clean surface year-round with reduced maintenance needs.

There are many different types of sports turf, with varying pile heights depending on your intended use. For fields, you'll find sports turf will have a higher pile height to mimic natural grass. You'll find short sports turf in gyms and areas with heavy equipment for easier movement along the surface. Regardless of use, sports turf should be very durable to resist wear and tear. 

When shopping for sports turf, you'll find that there are even options that come with built-in padding! This is ideal for extra shock absorption and cushion. There are also many turf underlayment pads available to use in conjunction with unpadded sports turf. Because 

Putting Green Artificial Turf

Turf for putting greens all appear fairly similar to directly reflect the look of natural putting greens and provide an optimal ball roll. With varying color shades, this type of artificial grass features a very low pile height, typically between 0.25-0.75", made of dense and curled fibers. Artificial grass allows homeowners to practice their putts anywhere, both indoors and outdoors. As an added bonus, with artificial putting greens you no longer have to worry about consistent upkeep or a bad swing damaging your green.

When designing a putting green, material choice is up to personal preference and desired stimp speed. You can also play with infill levels to adjust the stimp speed! Because putting green installation requires more leveling, grading, and labor to not negatively affect gameplay, we don't recommend DIYing this type of project. 

putting green cost calculator

Playground Artificial Turf

Design and Build a backyard Playground

Artificial grass for playgrounds is another type of artificial grass category. This grass features durable and traffic-resistant blades while also remaining dense enough to provide shock absorption for children as they run around. This type of artificial turf must perform well in multiple categories such as recovery rate, cushioning, and wear-and-tear resistance to hold up to consistent play. Because kids are more likely to lay and roll around on the grass, you'll also want to opt for playground turf that remains cooler on hot days. 

For commercial playgrounds with heavy equipment, playground turf will often require a layer of padding underneath to meet ASTM fall standards. There are also more affordable padding options for backyard play areas! Check out the material add-ons section to learn more.


What is the Lifespan of artificial grass?

Synthetic Grass Lifespan

Artificial grass lawns can last anywhere from 8-15 years depending on the quality of materials, installation practices, and overall upkeep of the grass. The more you take care of the lawn, the longer it will appear freshly installed. It's recommended to brush your artificial lawn with a stiff-bristled brush every once in a while to redistribute the infill and bring the blades back to their upright position. Pet turf will require more consistent rinsing and sanitizing to prevent odor and bacteria growth. 

The best way to lengthen the life of your synthetic lawn is to make sure you're purchasing the right turf for your intended use. For example, buying tall and plush synthetic turf for an area where multiple dogs will be at play will cause difficulty keeping it clean, a slower drainage rate, premature matting, and more. 

What are the Most Common Ways Artificial Turf is Damaged? 

While artificial grass is known for being very durable and long-lasting, there are a few things that can compromise or damage your installation. Avoid the following situations to prevent costly turf repairs:

  • Harsh Chemicals - Turf is easy to clean, but can be ruined by toxic chemicals. Never keep oil paints or petroleum-based products stored near your artificial lawn. These can stain the grass and also dissolve the backing. 
  • Extreme Heat - Synthetic grass won't ignite and burn in the traditional sense, but it can melt when exposed to extreme temperatures. Avoid smoking or lighting off fireworks near your lawn because this can cause hot ash to melt the blades. Fire pits and grills should be placed on a hardscape and never directly on the surface of artificial turf. Also, make sure your stainless steel appliances aren't causing any reflections on the surface that may cause magnification. 
  • Excessive Weight - Heavy furniture and high levels of foot traffic can cause artificial grass to prematurely mat down and damage the structure of the blades over time. Make sure to opt for shorter grass with strong blades in these areas for the best long-term results. Furniture should be shifted around occasionally to prevent any permanent indentations in your artificial lawn. 
  • Sharp Objects - Usually the most common way turf is damaged. Rakes, spatulas, knives, and shovels can all puncture the backing of artificial grass or cause seams to rupture. These snags and tears can become worse over time if not repaired. If you have lawn decor that requires being spiked into the ground, find a spot for them elsewhere such as a planter. 
  • Pets - Many pet owners are weary when transitioning to a synthetic lawn because they worry their dogs will damage the turf. Dogs can quickly ruin your artificial lawn by using the restroom on it if there's no consistent cleaning and antibacterial technologies in your materials. However, artificial grass is extremely durable and will stand up to digging and play. The best way to keep your pet-friendly lawn clean is to opt for a pet turf package and sanitize it regularly. 

Artificial Grass Manufacturer Warranties

Make sure you do research on the manufacturer the turf material is coming from because some offer better warranties than others. Typically artificial grass suppliers will offer a warranty that lasts between 8-15 years, and it's important to know what is covered in the event that damage occurs. Often, suppliers will cover damages related to product defects and premature fading but not damages that occur from the user or the elements. These synthetic turf warranties also rarely payout in the form of cash, offering store credit or just replacing the material for the damaged section. 


What are the different Artificial Grass Blade Shapes?

There are multiple blade shapes when it comes to astroturf, and the shape of the blade can tell you a lot about the texture and function of the grass. Some blade shapes will create soft and pliable turf while others will feel stiffer, but offer more protection against the elements. Determining the type of turf blade shape you're looking for can help you narrow down your options! 

Artificial Grass Blade Shapes

S-Shape Turf Blade

The S-shape of turf blades is advantageous because it more closely resembles natural grass than other blade shapes. The curves of the S reduce the amount of reflected sunlight, making the turf have less sheen and luster. S-blade turf is also softer to the touch thanks to these curved edges. This type of artificial grass occupies the middle ground in terms of resilience and is usually used in areas with moderate amounts of foot traffic.

W-Shape Turf Blade

The W-shaped turf blade is a new type of artificial turf that is becoming increasingly popular. These blades are designed to look and feel ultra-realistic, while also being durable enough to withstand heavy foot traffic and keep its original shape. The unique shape of the blade helps to disperse heat, by reflecting sunlight away from the surface. This can result in a cooler lawn in comparison to other types of artificial turf.

Omega Shape Turf Blade

The omega-shaped blade is a more complex blade option. Resembling the ancient Greek letter, this type of synthetic turf is actually very strong and durable and is often used for high-resilience or short applications, such as pet turf.

M-Shape Turf Blade

M-shaped turf blades are also extremely durable, spreading pressure across several points on the blade. This prevents the blade from tearing under heavy foot traffic, making it ideal for landscapes and lawns that experience a lot of foot traffic, including sports fields and athletic facilities.

Diamond Shape Turf Blade

Artificial turf that is diamond-shaped creates a look that is similar to natural grass but with a softer, more luxurious feel. This type of turf is often best used in areas that receive low to medium foot traffic as it can better emphasize its aesthetic qualities.

C-Shape Turf Blade

Similar to the diamond-shaped blade, C blades will offer a pliable and soft feel. Typically featured in more affordable artificial grass options, C blades are ideal in decorative areas that receive little to no foot traffic. 


What are the different types of infill for synthetic turf?

Many homeowners and contractors will try to save money when applying infill and either completely skip this step, or opt for the cheapest option. However, infill is incredibly important to the integrity and lifespan of your artificial lawn. Infill provides stability, keeps the blades in an upright position, prevents the turf from wrinkling during temperature fluctuation, and even protects the backing of your synthetic lawn. 

There are several synthetic turf infill options, with new alternatives popping up often. While most of these infills share the same intended objective, some perform much better than others. We'd recommend choosing the most premium infill you can afford to reduce the overall need for maintenance, brushing, and cleaning. 

Silica Sand Infill 

Silica Sand Artifcial Grass Infill

This type of infill is the most basic and affordable. Made of eroded and broken down quartz and rocks, silica sand infill is also the most commonly used infill. It helps support the blades of grass and also improves drainage. However, there are some disadvantages to using silica sand infill. Over time, the particles in the sand can harden and clump together, which decreases permeability. Silica sand can also trap pet odors, so if you have pets we'd recommend opting for a different and more premium infill. 

Crumb Rubber Infill

Crumb rubber is made from recycled tires that have been ground up into small pieces. This type of infill provides a soft, bouncy feel that simulates natural grass making it ideal for sports fields. In addition, crumb rubber helps to add volume and fullness to artificial turf, while also helping to keep the blades of grass standing upright. Installing crumb rubber infill is also relatively easy and can be done quickly.

There are multiple disadvantages to using a crumb rubber infill. Rubber infill is known to create a black dust residue that can transfer onto clothing, furniture, and shoes. Crumb rubber also retains heat more so than the other infill options, making it much warmer to the touch under the sun. For these reasons, you will typically only see crumb rubber used in sports applications, where the function and bounce of natural grass is most important. 

Antibacterial Sand Infill (Envirofill)

Antibacterial Coated Sand Infill for Artificial Grass

Antibacterial coated sand is a popular choice for homeowners with pets or children. It doesn't absorb heat from the sun like silica sand does, helping keep your lawn cooler. Additionally, its anti-microbial properties help prevent bacteria build-up from occurring. The granules are coated, making the sand rounded and less abrasive. Because it doesn't absorb liquids, it's the best option for pet turf installations. The only downfall to this infill option is that it has a higher price tag than both silica sand and rubber infill and tends to cover less space. 

Cork Infill

Cork infill is gaining popularity! It's a natural infill product that's made up of only ground cork. Because it offers similar gameplay as rubber infill without all the disadvantages, it's a good choice for sports applications. Cork is quick to bounce back and return to its original shape after providing shock absorption upon impact. 

The disadvantage of cork infill is that it's still a fairly new alternative and can be harder to find. We've also seen that often this type of infill requires a bulk purchase, making it trickier to select for small residential projects if your contractor doesn't already have cork infill on hand. You'll typically find this infill featured in larger commercial projects or fields. 

Zeofill

For those with pets, Zeofill is a great option. This all-natural and organic product acts as a turf deodorizer. Not only does it absorb urine and trap ammonia gases, but it also suppresses odors until they're washed away during cleaning or heavy rainfall. Zeofill can also retain more water than other turf infill options, keeping the surface of your artificial lawn cooler.

In our opinion, Zeofill should be used in conjunction with another infill. Zeofill is a very fine substance that can create a white film on top of your lawn. For this reason, when installing pet turf we typically will spread a layer of Zeofill underneath the turf to help with odors and use antibacterial sand on top. 

Crushed Walnut Shell Infill 

People were looking for alternatives to crumb rubber and silica sand infill, so manufacturers began utilizing more natural materials. Granulated walnut shells are 100% organic matter and the selling point is that it's supposed to be a more effective cooling agent than either of those options. By absorbing water but not overexpanding, walnut shells can keep the surface of your lawn cooler, making it more comfortable to enjoy in hot weather.

HydroChill Infill

As technologies advance, leading companies in the turf industry are working to advance their products with it. HydroChill is made with a special coating that is activated by adding water. This allows it to store water and release it through evaporation, providing a cooling effect on hot days. Designed to provide maximum benefit when the sun is directly overhead, HydroChill claims that it can lower the surface temperature of your lawn by up to 50 degrees in comparison to silica sand!

HydroChill is considered a premium artificial grass infill and will be priced higher than more affordable options. In our opinion, adding water to any infill will result in a similar cooling effect. This comparison is not sufficient in concluding that HydroChill offers lower temperatures. 

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What Type of edging is used for a synthetic grass lawn?

Creating borders around your artificial grass is important to the stability of the installation. The turf must have a stable edge to use for support or the installation will basically fall apart over time. Synthetic turf will need a border to separate it from fencing, bushes, trees, and other landscapes. If there is a hardscape already bordering the edge of your artificial lawn, such as concrete or wood, installing more edging is not necessary. 

Polymer Bender Board

The most popular and commonly used artificial turf barrier is a polymer bender board. This board is the most affordable edging product and is able to bend around the contours of your lawn easily. However, it's very tricky to use polymer bender boards in areas where the perimeter is a straight line. In this case, treated wood boards will have to be used as an alternative. 

There is a polymer bender board substitute called Wonder Edge, we do not recommend this product. This edging is known for its convenient use but does not support the base layer and will fall apart quicker than other edging options.  

Aluminum Bender Board

aluminum bender boards

Aluminum bender boards are similar to polymer bender boards in that they are used in curved and contoured landscapes, but they are made much more durable. This type of edging is usually featured in parks, hotels, and other commercial settings. Aluminum bender boards are expensive and tricky to install but don't discolor over time as polymer bender boards do. We recommend aluminum bender boards to clients that are installing putting greens or turf on a slope, where additional stability is needed.

Treated Wood Board

Treated wood boards are wood that's treated with chemicals to resist the elements, including temperature fluctuation and moisture. They do not expand with temperature change and offer a durable and straight edge that will last for years. 

Treated wood boards can be visible or hidden depending on the client's preferences. To hide the treated wood border, you can simply stretch the turf over the wood and use heavy-duty staples to secure the grass to the edge. This will also eliminate the need for nails, which tends to be ideal for pets and children! Nail-free installations require more labor and edging around the entire perimeter, therefore will raise the overall cost of installation. 

Concrete / Pavers

If you're doing a full lawn redesign, you can consider the edging during your renovation and create borders around your artificial lawn with concrete or a paver patio. Having a hardscape will usually eliminate the need for a barrier and create a seamless transition from grass to a walkway or patio. However, this is a much more expensive solution. 

Tree Board Rings

Board Ring for Trees around Artificial Grass

Trees within your lawn will need to have edging around them as well. We create these borders by using either polymer or aluminum bender boards to create a small ring around the tree itself. The ring is then typically filled in with mulch or pebbles to add a charming touch!

Don't forget, these trees need a water supply! Replacing natural grass around a tree with synthetic will remove its access to water. Smaller trees will require a bubbler and often rewiring of irrigation to remain alive. Large trees usually have much longer roots under the surface and can pull water from a neighboring lawn. 


What are the optional add-ons for artificial grass?

Gopher Mesh

Gopher mesh is a rust-resistant wired panel that is laid over the base of the installation prior to laying artificial grass. This mesh helps protect your new synthetic lawn from pesky gophers and other rodents that attempt to dig through from underneath the surface. If you have a gopher problem, we would not recommend installing synthetic turf without gopher mesh. Over time they will cause seams to burst or edges to detach.

Turf Deodorizer

As mentioned above turf deodorizer, or Zeofill, traps and locks in odors from pet use and releases them when the lawn is flushed with water and sanitized. This helps prevent odor build-up in areas where pets use the bathroom. Make sure to consistently rinse and sanitize artificial grass for pets often to get the best results! 

AirDrain / Drain Core

Drainage Layer for Pet Friendly Artificial Grass

AirDrain and DrainCore are drainage layers used to help accelerate water movement underneath the surface. They're typically around an inch tall and create an air void between the grass and the sub-base to allow water to pass through. This is most necessary in pet turf systems, where urine and pet use will require the lawn to be consistently hosed down. Drainage layers are also recommended on balconies and rooftops, to prevent stagnant water and mold from occurring after rainfall. 

Turf Underlayment Pads

To provide your artificial lawn with more shock absorption and cushion, you can also add a layer of padding underneath the artificial grass. Artificial grass padding layers can range from 5 mm thick to 50 mm thick. Often thicker pads are used for sports fields and playgrounds, where certain standards are required. The thinner 5 mm pads are ideal for backyard play areas.

Because these pads can slow drainage rates and hold bacteria, we do not recommend applying a layer of padding in areas where pets are present. 

Tree Bubblers

Bubblers help supply a tree or bush with water when it's surrounded by artificial grass. This bubbler is wired to existing irrigation to ensure the tree can remain healthy and continue to flourish. 

Weed Barrier

weed barrier

A common misconception is that weed barriers prevent weeds from growing, but this is not true. Weed barriers are large cloth-like fabric panels that prevent seeds from invasive weeds from penetrating the surface and entering the soil. This in turn can help reduce the probability of weeds occurring. In our opinion, this barrier is not effective enough to recommend. It's also known to lock in bacteria, so we never recommend weed barriers for lawns where pets or children will be present. Instead, we advise using a heavy layer of weed killer prior to base prep and compaction.

Even with a weed barrier, weeds can poke through the corners and edges. Although we don't endorse this product, we keep it as an optional add-on for clients that prioritize weed prevention.

Weed Preventer

Weed preventer is an herbicide. It's manufactured to kill and control over 40 different types of grass and weeds. After excavating 2-3 inches of soil from the surface, a weed preventer should be heavily applied. While this is optional, it's typically never skipped. 

Root Watering System

Artificial turf installation will block water and oxygen from getting under the surface. To prevent trees from dying, you'll want to provide oxygen to the roots. In order to do this, you drill 2-3 columns around the tree and reroute water to it. All that will be visible are flat caps that resemble a drain. With this add-on, the artificial grass can be installed all the way to the tree stem making your lawn look even more natural and removing the need for a board ring!

Full Pet Turf System

At InstallArtificial, our full pet turf systems consist of DrainCore, antibacterial sand infill, and turf deodorizer. This package helps prevent bacteria build-up, accelerates drainage, and controls odors from pet urine. In turf areas where pet relief is happening regularly, you'll be wasting your money if you don't opt for pet add-ons because the smell will begin to linger after just a few months. 

It's also important to remember that while these pet-friendly materials assist with maintaining a clean lawn, you will still need to regularly rinse and sanitize the pet turf to get the best results. Once the odor and bacteria build-up has gone on too long, the smell will not be reversible and you will have to completely replace your artificial lawn.


what are the different synthetic turf installation methods?

Synthetic Turf Installation Over Soil

This is the most common installation method, and what you'll most often see. Artificial turf installation over soil will replace the natural grass in a designated area. Using edging and irrigation products, you can install synthetic grass while still providing bushes, trees, and planters in the area with a water source.

When installing over soil, 2-3 in. of soil removal and base prep are vital to the stability of the installation. Cutting corners during the base prep can result in nails detaching, dips and bumps occurring, and ground movement. 

Synthetic Turf Installation Over Concrete

Installing artificial grass over concrete driveways and patios has become more of a trend in recent years. This can extend your lawn space for more activity or simply provide a green and cozy area in comparison to hard concrete. When installing turf over a hard surface, manufacturers always recommend laying a drainage panel to allow for quicker water movement underneath the surface. 

You can use transition tape or professional adhesive to secure the artificial grass to the surface, but keep in mind these may stain the surface upon removal. For this reason, we usually recommend only gluing on the perimeter or spot gluing underneath the surface to reduce the amount of adhesive used. For larger and enclosed areas, the turf itself may be heavy enough to stay weighed down without the need to secure it down. Because this type of installation requires less base prep, they are typically a bit cheaper than turf installation over soil. 

Synthetic Turf Installation On Rooftop/Balcony

Best artificial grass for balconies, rooftops, and patios

Artificial grass on a balcony or rooftop provides a barefoot-friendly outdoor space that becomes instantly more inviting after installation. The ease of application and cleaning makes it ideal for those looking to quickly transform their area. You can even vacuum it! Turf installation on balconies and rooftops offers the simplest installation. Often you can simply cut your materials to size and lay them down. This makes this type of installation easy for those who want to DIY

Turf Installation methods for balconies are very similar to those over concrete. When installing artificial grass on a balcony or rooftop it's always recommended to use a layer of drainage underneath the surface to help rainfall and other moisture leave the area quickly. This is especially important on rooftops because stagnant water can cause roof damage over time. Water pooling on and underneath the surface can also attract bugs and allow mold or mildew to grow. 

Synthetic Turf Installation In Between Concrete Slabs

Artificial Turf Backyard Design Between Concrete Slabs

Artificial turf Installation between concrete slabs, stepping stones, and pavers really elevates the look of your lawn or driveway. Because artificial grass can be cut to fit any shape, homeowners are becoming more creative with how they implement it into their landscapes. When laying synthetic grass between concrete, you can have it flush with the ground or have a fluffy overspill depending on personal preference.

Pricing for turf between concrete will typically be charged per linear foot at a higher rate because installing artificial grass in narrow spaces is a more laborious process. This installation method requires manual compaction and more cutting, seaming, and securing. 

Synthetic Putting Green Installation

best artificial grass for putting greens

Backyard putting greens offer you the freedom to practice your putt at any time from the comfort of your own home. You can design and create any shape or contour with as many holes and obstacles as you desire to challenge yourself more. It's completely customizable! Paired with a higher pile grass for the fringe, we're able to directly replicate the look and feel of a natural green. 

These installations require more skill and expertise because there are multiple contoured cuts to make and grading/leveling is very important. Creating an uneven or bumpy surface will negatively impact gameplay and can cause the ball to roll on its own. Also, putting green turf is much shorter and denser making imperfections along the surface much more visible.

Typically the base for artificial putting greens is 1-2 in. thicker than a regular install. installers will add a fine layer of decomposed granite on top of the road base to help smooth the surface. The cups for the holes will be fixed into the base layer using concrete. 


How do you install artificial grass?

An average artificial grass project will take anywhere from 1-5 days depending on accessibility and overall scope of work. Below we'll walk you through the installation process for a typical artificial grass installation over soil. Be sure to check out our knowledge base for guidance on how to install artificial grass over other surfaces! 

Pre-Installation 

One of the most crucial aspects of this process is the preparation of the sub-base, which must be clean and ready for use before installation can commence. This typically involves rough grading the land, as well as removing any irrigation, existing pipes, or electric wires that may be present. Once the area is excavated 2-3 in. apply a heavy layer of weed preventer. Bender boards are also installed to separate the artificial grass area from other plants and grass.

Base Preparation

Installing a smooth and stable base is the name of the game, and this base should be 2-3 inches deep. Use class II road base for the best results. For added smoothness and leveling, you can add a thin layer of decomposed granite on top.

Base preparation is a more costly part of the project and will cause the ground to move and settle over time if not installed correctly. Shady contractors can cut corners on this step and you would have no idea until the ground starts to show dips and bumps months later. For this reason, it's very important to supervise this step and ensure they're following manufacturer guidelines. 

Compacting the Base

road base compaction for artificial turf installation

To ensure a level base for your turf, you'll need to vibrate and pack the road base with a heavy-duty roller or professional compactor. Double compaction is often recommended for playgrounds and pet areas, as it helps to prevent nails from loosening and coming up over time. Compacting the base correctly will strengthen the surface and also help to avoid any future issues with nail uplifting.

Unrolling and Laying Artificial Grass

Before beginning to stretch and secure the artificial grass, let the turf roll lay out in the sun for about 30 minutes so it softens up and is easier to work with. Artificial grass is manufactured to naturally lean to one side. The most appealing view is generally looking at the grass against the blade fall. You'll also usually want to position and lay the artificial grass so that the blades are pointing towards the direction that brings the most foot traffic. When seaming multiple pieces together, it's imperative that the pieces are facing the same direction or the grass will look patchy. 

Trimming Synthetic Turf to Fit Your Area 

S Seam for Pet Turf to Create Invisible Seams

When cutting artificial grass to size, leave yourself about a foot over overlap to be safe, you can always come back and cut more off later. When seaming turf pieces together, do so in the shape of an "S" or a zipper to create an illusion to the eye that hides the seams. Seaming two pieces together in a straight line will result in a visible crease within the lawn. 

Securing the Installation 

Each turf installation will use thousands of non-galvanized nails. We recommend nailing into the surface every 2 in. around the perimeter and every 2 ft. throughout the entire area. Double-check that each nail is secure before moving on to prevent any nails from pulling up later down the line.

Applying Turf Infill 

brush to disperse infill

Applying infill is a necessary step so don't skip this process. Infill protects the backing, provides more stability and cushion, and gives the lawn a full and healthy appearance. Use a power broom to brush up the fibers so the infill can fall down closer to the backing. You'll then distribute infills evenly along the surface, applying about 1-2 pounds per sq. ft. 

Final Brush and Groom

The final brush will remove any debris from the surface and help push the infill further down into the blades. Once this step is done you're free to enjoy your new synthetic lawn! 


What are the artificial grass maintenance requirements?

While the idea of maintaining an entire artificial lawn may seem like a daunting task, it's very quick and easy! Much more so than upkeeping a natural grass lawn. The ease of use is one of the most sought benefits of synthetic turf. However, artificial grass is not completely self-serving. There are a few small things you can do to lengthen the life of your installation and keep your artificial grass looking freshly installed for years. 

Rinse the Surface

Hose down the area once every couple of weeks to remove any debris and other residues from the surface. A garden hose will work perfectly. If you use a pressure washer, keep the nozzle away from the surface to prevent damaging the blade structure. Rinse the lawn evenly to keep the area looking uniform. 

Brush the Lawn 

Brushing and reditributing infill

Use a rake or stiff bristled broom on occasion to brush through the turf and redistribute infills. This will also help fluff up the fibers and bring them back to their original upright position. You can also use a leaf blower to remove leaves and other debris. Excessive leaves on the surface can result in slower drainage rates. 

Use Natural Cleansers

Use non-toxic cleansers to clean and sanitize the area for pet turf or soiled areas. You can dilute the cleansers with water to better protect the turf's blades. We'd recommend using a high volume of water during the rinsing process to ensure all of the cleaning solutions are flushed from the grass. For slight pet odors, equal parts water and vinegar will typically do the trick! We also always recommend Wysiwash to pet owners. This cleanser simply attaches to your garden hose for easy use! 

Pro Tip: Damp stains are easier to clean. Clean messes as they are made to avoid costly repairs and the need for professional cleanings! 

If you need more assistance, you can schedule a professional artificial turf cleaning with InstallArtificial! We'll use our professional tools to brush, rinse, and sanitize your lawn to bring it back to life. But remember, once artificial grass is severely matted or has strong odors this can be irreversible. Taking care of your lawn is the best way to ensure that it will last for 10-15 years! 


What are best practices when buying turf for diy projects?

Artificial grass has come a long way since it was first invented in the 1960s. With so many different companies now offering their own unique products, it can be tough to know where to start when shopping for artificial grass. However, by considering your needs and doing your research, you can find the perfect artificial grass for your DIY installation project. Check out some of our professional tips below! 

Measuring Your Space

Before you buy artificial grass, make sure you've accurately measured your lawn space. Take measurements multiple times to be as accurate as possible. Purchasing the incorrect amount of artificial grass will cause installation mishaps. A common mistake made when buying synthetic turf is that clients will purchase artificial grass in the exact sq. footage of their lawn, rather than focusing on the dimensions. If you focus on sq. footage rather than your measurements and the dimensions of the rolls purchased you'll likely end up not having enough turf to cover the area.  

If your lawn has any contours, curves, or irregularities make sure you're taking measurements from the widest points. Most artificial grass is manufactured in rolls that are 15 ft. wide and can't be completely customized to fit your dimensions. For this reason, often you'll have to purchase excess material just to cover your space. On average, you'll want to factor in 10% of waste material into your overall budget. 

Buying Artificial Grass Online

speak with professional installers when ordering turf online

In our opinion, the best way to shop for turf is online. You can easily browse through options and narrow your search quickly. When shopping online for artificial grass, you can compare all types of artificial grass from multiple suppliers at once which typically isn't offered in-store. Also, you'll find more deals and promos online versus in-store. Whether you're doing DIY pet turf or a simple front lawn, you're sure to find grass that meets your needs and budget. 

At InstallArtificial.com, we offer high-quality turf from 5 trusted suppliers with nationwide shipping. Products are categorized by brand and intended use for simplicity. We also administered a number of performance tests on each synthetic grass we offer such as wear-and-tear resistance and recovery rate so you can easily compare your favorites! Check out each product page to see their results! 

Not every online turf supplier will offer high-quality and American-made products. Make sure to do your research when searching for artificial turf stores nearby to make sure they're trustworthy. Rely on customer reviews and feedback and always order samples before you buy. 

Buying Turf For Your Intended Use

DIY turf installation can really save you some money and is fairly straightforward. However, an easy way to ruin your investment is by installing the incorrect grass for your area. For areas with high foot traffic, stay away from tall and plush artificial grass because you'll run into premature matting and the blade structure will become compromised quickly. Pet-specific areas should feature antibacterial infills and grass with a shorter pile and less density for easier cleaning. 

Ordering Samples

When ordering samples of your favorite contenders, the best way to assess their looks is by comparing them to natural lawns around your neighborhood. We'd also recommend setting them down on the ground and standing back about 10 ft. to really see their differences. It's from this view that you'll see the lawn fully installed and this will help you start to determine differences in texture, shape, and shade.


Artificial Grass Glossary

Adhesive - Products that use water to bond synthetic turf seams and inserts, usually made of urethane and/or epoxy. These adhesives can be used to attach synthetic turf to a base, though this is not always necessary.

Backing - Materials that make up the bottom layer of the grass and secure the blades.

Compaction - An increase in the density of something. Base materials will need to be compacted thoroughly to create a long-lasting installation. This prevents ground sinking or settling from occurring.

Density - Weight or mass per unit. Can also refer to the number of fibers and the closeness of tufts. 

Drainage - Rate at which liquid percolates through the artificial grass. Drainage layers are designed to accelerate water movement underneath the synthetic turf. 

Durability - The measure of resistance to wear and tear and environmental changes. Relating to the ability to endure.

Envirofill - An acrylic-coated synthetic turf infill. Helps moderate temperature and provides antibacterial properties – making it ideal for areas used by children and pets.

Face Weight - The weight of the fibers within the artificial grass, excluding the weight of the backing. Typically, this is measured in ounces per sq. yard. The higher the face weight, the more dense the material is. 

Fall Zone Safety Rating - This means the artificial grass meets the ASTM guidelines to fall heights. Necessary for playgrounds and daycares, and recommended in areas where there's play equipment. 

Filament/Fiber - Referring to an individual blade of synthetic turf.

Galvanized Nail - Zinc-coated nail used in construction that resists rusting. For turf installations, non-galvanized nails are ideal because the nails rusting help secure the installation. 

Infill - Sand or rubber substance that's put on top of artificial grass. Infill is brushed into the blades to provide stability and cushion while also preventing wrinkles from occurring. 

Luster - Shining by light reflection. To avoid luster, stay away from cheap or low-quality turf materials. 

Magnification - When the sun is reflected off of one surface onto another. Magnification can cause artificial grass to melt if temps are too high. Reflections can be caused by second-story windows or stainless steel. 

Matting - Process of the turf blades becoming tangled, flattened, and messy from foot traffic or other elements. 

Nylon - Durable and resilient fiber, typically for a higher price point. The only turf material that will prevent magnification from occurring - nylon melting point is much higher than most magnifications can achieve. 

Perforations - The holes in the backing that assist with drainage.

Permeable - Relating to whether or not a product can be penetrated by liquids or gas. If a turf's backing is fully permeable, it provides advanced drainage. 

Pile Height - The height of the blades from the backing to the tip. 

Polyethylene - One of the softest plastics. Used as a base product in face yarn. Most common yarn type. 

Polypropylene - A coarse plastic, used in thatch or putting green materials.

Power broom - Professional tool used to brush the blades upright after installation. Also helps evenly distribute infill. 

Seam - Where two pieces of artificial turf are connected. Most installers will seam in an "S" or zipper shape to help keep the seams invisible. 

Silica Sand - The most common, affordable, and basic infill option. Made of broken down quartz and minerals. 

Thatch - Textured yarn fibers, usually made of multiple colors that sit underneath the face blades to enhance recovery rate. Also helps turf appear more like natural grass. 

Total Weight - The weight of the entire product, including face weight and backing. 

Tufted - the process of manufacturing turf by feeding tufts through the backing material and making a loop to create the pile surface on top.

Zeolite - Fine substance that is spread along the surface, either underneath or on top, that helps prevent ammonia smells from pet use. Recommended in all pet turf applications.

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